Samos is an island of great natural beauty with historical sites, abundant greenery, hidden beaches and scenic villages that are all worth visiting. Some of Samos main attractions are as following
After being chased by Polycrates who was the tyrant of Samos, Pythagoras, the famous mathematician and philosopher hid in this cave that later became his home. There were actually two caves, the one he used as his home and the other one as a classroom. Pass the caves one will encounter a spring from where it is said that Pythagoras enjoyed drinking water. The Cave of Pythagoras is situated only 2 km from Kampos Marathokampos beach and close by the scenic chapels of Saint John and Panagia Sarantaskaliotissa. Access is quite difficult so great caution is needed.
The remnants of the ancient theater of Pythagorio are worth while visiting. Right below the Spiliani monastery visitors can get a sense of the grandness of this open air theater as the stage and part of the seats remain untouched. Travelers can occasionally enjoy theatrical performances, musical recitals and ancient Greek tragedies at this wonderful theater.
For those who enjoy walking in nature the Potami waterfalls is the place to be. Only 3 km away from Karlovassi one will encounter a river bordered by trees. Travelers can walk along the river for a while under the shadow of the trees and reach a beautiful lake after a couple of kilometers. There they can enjoy a refreshing swim as well as the pristine beauty of the waterfalls straight ahead which are considered to be one of the most unique places in the entire island.
The Heraion of Samos was one of the greatest sanctuaries in all of Greece since it was the largest temple ever made throughout the country. It was built in Hera’s honor who according to the myth was born and raised in the island of Samos. Only part of one of the 115 columns remains to this day but most of the temple’s foundations are still visible.
The Eupalinos Tunnel is a tunnel 1036 meters long that was built in the sixth century BC to be used as an aqueduct. Under the supervision of Eupalinos two groups of slaves one on the side of the mountain were the spring was located and one on the side of the town dug under earth for a long period of time until they met each other somewhere in between and the tunnel was finally formed. This tunnel was of great significance because it was invisible to the enemy therefore no one could cut the water supply to Samians and thus was used for thousands of years to come. Visitors can walk through part of the tunnel and enjoy a cool break from a sunny day.